SECURE 2019 tech

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 August 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Day by day UPSC Mains Reply Writing Apply: 29  August 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Matter:Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance
and probity; Info sharing and transparency in government, Right to
Info, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture,
High quality of service supply, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.


Basic Studies – 1


Matter: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

1) India wants a comprehensive regulation to cope with ‘honor killing’. Critically Look at. (250 phrases)

The hindu

Why this question:

The question must talk about the social evil of honor killing and wish for comprehensive regulation to deal with the same.

Key demand of the question:

One must talk about intimately the necessity for comprehensive regulation for honor killing.

Directive:

 Critically look at – When requested to ‘Look at’, we’ve got to look into the subject (content material phrases) in detail, examine it, examine it and establish the important thing information and points related to the subject in question. While doing so we should always clarify why these details and issues are necessary and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one wants to take a look at the great and dangerous of the topic and provides a fair judgement.

Construction of the answer:

Introduction: 

Clarify in short honor killing as a social evil within the nation.

Physique:

Clarify that In India, honor killings take place if a pair marries outdoors their caste or religion.  Khap panchayats additionally oppose and mete out punishments to couples who marry inside the similar gotra (lineage) or transgress different societal norms.

The Supreme Courtroom, in 2006, ruled that, “Inter-caste marriages are in reality in the national curiosity as they may end in destroying the caste system.”

Explain that We have now the regulation, however sadly, the system doesn’t perform correctly. We’d like a special regulation that specifies what needs to be looked at in the course of the investigation and prosecution of an honour killing case and that it isn’t tried broadly as a homicide. There must be detailed examinations, the forensic proof needs to be collected holding the motive of honour killing in thoughts and so on. They need to examine what preceded the murder.

Talk about then the necessity for legal guidelines in place to deal with with such evils.

Conclusion:

Conclude with want for urgency of stringent legal guidelines to deal with honor killing in the country.

 


Basic Studies – 2


Matter: Points referring to improvement and management of Social Sector/Providers referring to Health, Schooling, Human Assets.

2) Instructional reforms require academics to play a central position in the country, do you agree? Talk about in the backdrop of lately carried out National schooling coverage.(250 words)

livemint

Why this query:

The article discusses intimately the pivotal position performed by academics in schooling system.

Key demand of the query:

One must talk about in detail the position of instructor central to schooling system in the nation and in what approach NEP additionally envisages the identical.

Directive:

 Talk about – This is an all-encompassing directive – it’s a must to debate on paper by going by way of the small print of the issues involved by analyzing every certainly one of them. You must give reasons for each for and towards arguments.

Structure of the reply:

Introduction: 

In short speak concerning the numbers, statistics of academics to pupil ratio and so on. to substantiate the query assertion.

Physique:

Clarify that the principle that schooling wants environment friendly academics must manifest itself in each policy motion.

Touch upon why academics are central to the schooling system?

Talk about that the NEP provides the instructor the significance that he or she deserves in schooling. One key underlying precept of the coverage is that schooling is a social-human process and, subsequently, good schooling requires high-capacity, engaged academics.

Explain the varied elements involved.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of the theme.


Matter: Women empowerment, gender points, Welfare schemes for weak sections of the inhabitants by the Centre and States and the efficiency of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the safety and betterment of those weak sections.

3) “To make sure genuine gender equality, we’d like a elementary reform of beliefs upheld by the institutions of family and religion “, analyse. (250 words)

Livemint

Why this query:

The article discusses the basis explanation for gender inequality on the planet.

Key demand of the question:

One should talk about intimately the basis causes of gender inequality.

Directive:

 analyze – When asked to analyse, you must look at methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into element elements and current them as an entire in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short deliver out the context of the query assertion.

Body:

Explain why ladies are still being handled as unequal to males, dialogue ought to recommend the causes for such disparity and its existence even right now, to make sure genuine gender equality, we’d like a elementary reform of beliefs upheld by the establishments of household and faith.

Based on the World Employment and Social Outlook Developments for Ladies 2018 report, more ladies than ever earlier than are both educated and collaborating in the labour market at this time. Whilst opportunities for individuals with no school schooling shrink, males’s rates of graduation stay relatively stagnant, while ladies across socioeconomic courses are more and more enrolling for and completing post-secondary levels.

Clarify why is it that ladies are nonetheless not accepted as equals though so many women are educated and getting into the work drive in larger numbers? What are the significant forces that hinder our progress in the direction of gender parity?

Conclusion:

Conclude with method forward.


Matter: Welfare schemes for weak sections of the population by the Centre and States and the efficiency of those schemes; mechanisms, legal guidelines, institutions and Our bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these weak sections.

four) Talk about the difficulty of child well- being in India, what are the challenges faced by the youngsters and record down measures to make sure their well- being.(250 phrases)

The hindu

Why this query:

Just lately the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh and Puducherry topped the charts in the youngster well-being index, a device designed to measure and tracks youngsters’s well-being comprehensively.

Key demand of the query:

One must talk about intimately the difficulty of child well- being in India and recommend appropriate measures that have to be taken.

Directive:

 Talk about – That is an all-encompassing directive – it’s a must to debate on paper by going by means of the small print of the problems involved by analyzing each one among them. You must give causes for each for and towards arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining that in India lately baby well-being index has been launched by the non-government group World Vision India and analysis institute IFMR LEAD.

Body:

Explain what is baby well-being.

When it comes to health, it needs to be ensured that the kid is taken care of in the first 1,000 days of life. Stunting is an enormous difficulty in India and this is linked to poor sanitation and lack of protected water.

States ought to take a look at their respective scores on the size of kid well-being, and prepare for precedence areas of intervention with specific plans of motion.

This also needs to trigger policy degree modifications, search higher budgetary allocations and provoke discussions with all stakeholders, which may also help in enhancing the quality of life of all youngsters in the nation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with means ahead.


Basic Studies – three


Matter: Indian Financial system and points referring to planning, mobilization of assets, progress, improvement and employment. . Inclusive progress and points arising from it.

5) Talk about the important thing features of e-commerce presently witnessed in India, in what approach do you assume e-commerce 2.zero might significantly increase India’s online market and make it really inclusive?(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article captures a discussion on e-commerce 2.0 and its significance.

Key demand of the query:

One should talk about in detail the coming of increasingly individuals when it comes to cellular utilization and in what method it might significantly impression India’s on-line market and make it inclusive.

Directive:

 Talk about – This is an all-encompassing directive – you need to debate on paper by going by means of the small print of the problems involved by analyzing each certainly one of them. You must give reasons for both for and towards arguments.

Construction of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short state information to justify the rising on-line presence of the individuals online.

Body:

Explain that by 2022, half a billion Indians are expected to return on-line by means of their cell phones, a inhabitants we check with as India’s Next Half Billion (NHB). Their internet journey begins with them gaining internet access, then shifting forward step by step to ultimately making business transactions on-line.

Briefly talk about the coming of e-commerce in the country, differentiate how e-commerce 1.0 is totally different from the upcoming e-commerce 2.zero.

Talk about the position performed by it in expanding the Indian online markets.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance.


Common Research – four


Matter: Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical foundation of governance and probity; Info sharing and transparency in government, Right to Info, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work tradition, Quality of service supply, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

6) Clarify any 4 usually accepted probity rules that serve to take care of the integrity of the method.(250 phrases)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The query goals to debate the probity rules that serve to take care of the integrity of the method.

Key demand of the query:

One should talk about in detail any four rules of probity.

Directive:

 Explain – Make clear the subject by giving an in depth account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the specific context. You have to be defining key phrases the place ever applicable, and substantiate with related related information.

Construction of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define what’s probity.

Body:

Clarify that Probity is the proof of ethical behaviour in a specific course of. The time period probity means integrity, uprightness and honesty. For Government staff and businesses, sustaining probity includes greater than merely avoiding corrupt or dishonest conduct. It includes making use of public sector values akin to impartiality, accountability and transparency.

Explain rules – 

Accountability: It is the obligation to have the ability to clarify or account for the best way

duties have been performed. Government should have applicable

mechanisms in place to point out that they’re accountable for his or her practices and

selections.

Transparency: It is crucial that the method is transparent to the maximum

extent attainable so that each one stakeholders can trust in the outcomes.

Clear, open processes also reduce the chance for, and the danger

of, fraud and corruption.

Confidentiality: As a situation of employment, all public servants are underneath a

common obligation of confidentiality to their employer. All Authorities

advisors, members and some other third celebration that’s aware about commercially delicate info should present a proper enterprise to Government that

they’ll hold this info confidential.

Management of Conflicts of Curiosity: A battle of curiosity arises the place an

particular person associated with the process is, by way of their specific associations

or circumstances, influenced, or perceived to be influenced, to obtain an

unfair benefit for him or herself or one other social gathering.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of probity basically.


Matter: Probity in Governance: Idea of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Info sharing and transparency in authorities, Proper to Info, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work tradition, Quality of service supply, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7) What are skilled codes of ethics? Talk about the relevance of it in public providers. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

 

Why this query:

The question is predicated on the theme of professional code of ethics and its relevance to public providers.

Key demand of the query:

One must talk about in detail the significance of professional code of ethics.

Directive:

 Talk about – That is an all-encompassing directive – you need to debate on paper by going by means of the small print of the issues involved by analyzing each one in every of them. It’s a must to give causes for both for and towards arguments.

Construction of the answer:

Introduction: 

In short explain what are ethics.

Physique:

code of ethics and professional conduct outlines the moral rules that govern selections and conduct at an organization or organization. 

They provide basic outlines of how staff ought to behave, as well as specific steerage for handling points like harassment, security, and conflicts of interest.

Use suitable examples and justify in what method ethics are vital to the skilled points even in civil providers for that matter.

Conclusion:

Conclude with significance of holding onto professional ethics.


We are giving hints for every query. Please use your creativity and originality to provide you with solutions which are distinctive to you. However achieve this without deviating from core demand of each question. Finally you must use your purpose and judgement to write down your personal answer.