SECURE 2019 tech

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 February 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Every day UPSC Mains Reply Writing Follow: 02 February 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Matter: Science and Know-how- developments and their purposes and results in on a regular basis life.

 


Common Research – 2


Matter: Authorities insurance policies and interventions for improvement in numerous sectors and points arising out of their design and implementation.

1) India’s Nationwide Mission for a Inexperienced India assumes arbitrary targets which are rooted in habits of neo-colonial governance slightly than “sound science”. Remark.(250 phrases)

Indianexpress

Why this query

The article examines the objectives of the Nationwide Mission for a Inexperienced India and brings out its limitations.

Directive phrase

Remark- right here we’ve got to precise our information and understanding of the difficulty and type an general opinion thereupon.  

Key demand of the query.

The query needs us to precise our information and understanding of the Nationwide Mission for a Inexperienced India and categorical our opinion as as to if the mission has arbitrary targets that are rooted in neo-colonial governance.

Construction of the reply

Introduction– write a number of introductory strains concerning the  Nationwide Mission for a Inexperienced India. E.g The Inexperienced India Mission is one in every of eight missions beneath the Nationwide Motion Plan on Local weather Change and goals at “defending, restoring and enhancing India’s diminishing forest cowl and responding to local weather change by a mixture of adaptation and mitigation measures”.

Physique-

Talk about how the missions targets are rooted in neo-colonial governance and are devoid of any scientific backing. E.g

  • “Ostensibly aimed toward enhancing forest-based livelihoods, the initiative has all of the qualities of previous forestry efforts in India, which have traditionally carried out a reverse position: disinheriting forest-rooted populations,”
  • Provided that forest cowl of Europe within the colonial interval was estimated at roughly one-third, and that this area serves because the supply of data, regulation and statecraft,afforestation fee of 30-33% turned the extensively accepted minimal for civilization.
  • Exported to India, this focused minimal, it may simply be concluded, turned a conceptual ghost that haunted successive generations of forest policymakers, whose objectives may need been numerous… however whose mechanism characterize a disordered type of repetitive compulsion, imposed time and again on arid and semi-arid ecosystems and the native communities.
  • Dedication to fastened charges of forest cowl encourages tree plantations in “ecologically inappropriate websites and circumstances”.
  • Once more, afforestation sometimes extends the “authority” of Indian state forest departments in a approach that’s principally “on the expense of native livelihoods” somewhat than in “help of them.”
  • One drawback of plantation ecologies in India, in response to the research, is “enthusiasm for quick rising species and unique and invasive species, planted within the identify of accelerating land cowl devoted to ‘forest’.”

Conclusion– based mostly in your dialogue, type a good and a balanced conclusion on the given problem.


Matter– Authorities insurance policies and interventions for improvement in numerous sectors and points arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Whereas the cash-transfer mannequin could also be common and politically rewarding, it’s unlikely to unravel the disaster in agriculture. Look at.(250 phrases)

Livemint

Why this query

This yr’s interim finances has pledged to offer money transfers of Rs 6000 to farmers. Apart from, numerous state governments have additionally launched comparable programmes. On this context it is very important talk about the efficacy of such money transfers in ameliorating the state of affairs of the farmers.

Directive phrase

Look at- right here we’ve to probe deeper into the subject,  get into particulars, and discover out the causes or implications if any.  

Key demand of the query.

The query needs us to dig deep into the money switch schemes being initiated in a number of Indian states and in addition the central price range, and convey out the explanations as to why they don’t seem to be sufficient to unravel the agricultural disaster in India.

Construction of the reply

Introduction- write a couple of introductory strains concerning the  Money switch schemes to Indian farmers. E.g point out the varied state schemes and the announcement within the current interim finances launched by the centre.

Physique-

Talk about in factors as to why such schemes would unlikely remedy the agricultural disaster within the nation. E.g

  • The disaster in agriculture has continued to worsen with the newest estimates of inflation suggesting that the development of decline in farm produce costs has continued unabated.
  • Primarily as a result of the disaster isn’t just of low incomes in agriculture.
  • The genesis of the present disaster lies within the defective and advert hoc export-import coverage, lack of infrastructure and cartelisation and collusion in agricultural markets, which have prevented farmers from realizing the market costs for agricultural produce.
  • It’s the mixture of those, together with the dual droughts of 2014 and 2015, which created the disaster within the first place.
  • Additionally it is true that the disaster worsened because of the sudden shocks of demonetization and the hasty implementation of products and providers tax, which affected the agricultural financial system adversely.
  • Money transfers do nothing to resolve any of those, nor are they any assure of safety towards unexpected occasions, whether or not pure or coverage induced.
  • It’s neither an alternative to the structural reforms wanted in agriculture, nor does it adequately compensate the farmer for the dangers and uncertainty of crop cultivation.
  • The present disaster might have worsened because of the sharp fall in agricultural crop costs, however is lastly a results of a number of failures of coverage.
  • However additionally it is a disaster which is brought on by the failure of the non-farm sector in creating sufficient jobs as is clear from the deceleration in actual wages in rural areas.

Conclusion– based mostly in your dialogue, type a good and a balanced conclusion on the given situation.


Matter – Bilateral, regional and international groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s pursuits

three) Improvement of India-Iran axis and Pakistan- Saudi axis within the area can undermine regional peace and safety. Analyze. (250 phrases)

Indian categorical

Why this query

The article digs into the current developments within the area outlined by India, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan relationship. It is very important analyze the writeup intimately so as to broaden our understanding concerning the worldwide affairs of our nation.

Directive phrase

Analyze-here we  have to look at methodically the construction or nature of the subject by separating it into element elements, and current them as an entire in a abstract.

Key demand of the query.

The query needs us to look deeper into the regional politics and the current developments within the area and convey out how the obvious formation of  groupings can influence peace and safety.

Construction of the reply

Introduction– write a couple of introductory strains concerning the  current developments between the 4 nations. E.g point out the US sanctions on Iran and exemptions offered to India.

Physique-

  1. Talk about concerning the Iran-India relationship. E.g
  • India formally took over operations of the Chabahar port final month.
  • For New Delhi, Chabahar is essential to succeed in out to Afghanistan.
  • Final month, senior bureaucrats of all of the three nations, India, Iran and Afghanistan, held the primary assembly for the implementation of the trilateral Chabahar settlement signed in 2016.
  • They agreed on the routes for commerce and transit corridors between the three nations and, in accordance with the official communique, finalised the protocol to “harmonise transit, roads, customs and consular issues”.
  1. Talk about the way it has impacted Pakistan- Saudi relationship. E.g
  • Pakistan has equally been pushed in the direction of Saudi Arabia by the compulsions of monetary circumstances.
  • For Riyadh, this transfer precludes any Iranian presence in Gwadar, opposite to a number of the plans talked about in Tehran and Islamabad and so on.
  1. Talk about how these developments can have an effect on regional peace and safety. E.g
  • Whereas Pakistan will proceed to attempt to not take sides, a big upgrading of its relations with Iran might turn into harder — saying “no” to Saudi Arabia may additionally grow to be harder.
  • Whereas the state of affairs stays fluid, the current tendencies might ultimately outcome within the crystallisation of two axes, bringing Pakistan nearer to Saudi Arabia and Iran nearer to India and this new regional recreation.
  • This evolution will foster the Arabisation (or Wahabisation) of Islam in Pakistan. It might additionally relaunch sectarian tensions within the area beneath the aegis of overseas nations.

Conclusion– based mostly in your dialogue, type a good and a balanced conclusion on the given challenge.


Common Research – three


Matter- Position of exterior state and non-state actors in creating challenges to inner safety.

four) The potential of rising army applied sciences prompting inadvertent escalation and battle can’t be dominated out. Remark.(250 phrases)

The hindu

Why this query

Emergence of technological warfare has gained prominence in current occasions and traditional warfare has taken a backseat. On this context it is very important analyze how such developments can have an effect on the conflicts between the nations.

Directive phrase

Remark- right here we have now to precise our information and understanding of the difficulty and type an general opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the query.

The query needs us to precise our information and understanding of the rise and improvement of the rising army applied sciences and categorical our opinion as to how they will result in inadvertent escalation and hostility between nations.

Construction of the reply

Introduction– write a couple of introductory strains concerning the  rising army applied sciences. E.g The present focus in army considering the world over is more and more shifting away from conventional heavy-duty army hardware to high-tech improvements resembling synthetic intelligence (AI), massive knowledge analytics, satellite tv for pc jammers, hypersonic strike know-how, superior cyber capabilities and spectrum denial and high-energy lasers.

Physique-

Talk about how these applied sciences can inadvertently result in escalation of typical conflicts between the varied nations. E.g

  • Within the mild of the unprecedented capabilities that these techniques supply, there’s additionally an elevated give attention to creating appropriate command and management in addition to doctrinal ideas to accommodate and calibrate them.
  • The arrival of those applied sciences may deeply frustrate strategic stability as we all know it given their disruptive nature.
  • Strategic stability within the modern worldwide system, particularly among the many nuclear weapon states, depends upon a number of age-old certainties, an important being the difficulty of survivability of a state’s nuclear arsenal and its potential to hold out a second strike after a primary assault.
  • As soon as accuracies get higher, hypersonic glide automobiles exchange typical supply methods, actual time monitoring and surveillance make main strides, and AI-enabled methods take over, survivability of nuclear arsenal, which lies on the coronary heart of nice energy stability, might take a extreme beating.
  • Whereas on the one hand, it’s crucial for states to revamp their techniques within the mild of those new applied sciences, particularly the digital and cyber elements, this additionally makes the cyber- and digital-enabled techniques weak to covert cyberattacks.
  • Extra so, provided that such surreptitious assaults may happen within the early levels of a battle, ensuing confusion and scare may result in uncontrolled escalation with little time for evaluation and judgement.

Conclusion– based mostly in your dialogue, type a good and a balanced conclusion on the given situation.


Matter- Conservation, environmental air pollution and degradation

5) St. Petersburg declaration has been unable to realize the objectives for tiger conservation set by it. Talk about.(250 phrases)

Reference

Why this query

A decade has handed because the St. Petersburg declaration was made. Nevertheless the progress on the targets envisaged by the declaration has not been at par. On this context it is very important talk about the achievements of the declaration.

Directive phrase

Talk about- that is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to put in writing intimately about the important thing demand of the query. we even have to debate concerning the associated and essential features of the query as a way to convey out an entire image of the difficulty in hand.

Key demand of the query.

The query needs us to put in writing intimately concerning the St. Petersburg declaration, its resolutions and to what extent it has been capable of obtain the targets set by it.

Construction of the reply

Introduction– write a number of introductory strains concerning the  St Petersburg declaration. E.g Within the 2010 St. Petersburg Declaration, the nations agreed to a International Tiger Restoration Program and pledged to double the worldwide tiger inhabitants by 2022.

Physique-

  1. Talk about the progress on the font of tiger conservation after the declaration. E.g
  • over one-third of tiger conservation websites on the planet are severely vulnerable to dropping their wild tigers — nearly all of that are in Southeast Asia.
  • Many of those areas lack primary plans for efficient administration, with over 60 per cent of the websites dealing with a number of limitations in anti-poaching.
  • Nations like India, Nepal and Russia have proven that tiger restoration is feasible, regardless of challenges in poaching, funding and sustaining group livelihoods, which may be overcome with robust political dedication.
  1. Talk about the explanations behind the poor efficiency. E.g
  • Recognized scorching spots for unlawful commerce in tiger elements embrace the Indo-Nepalese border, South India, Central India, Mekong-China, Indonesia-China and Russia-China.
  • As a result of lack of centralised knowledge throughout tiger vary nations, it’s troublesome to implement legal guidelines.
  • Lack of political will.
  • There’s want for extra cross-country cooperation between nations the place there’s excessive demand for tiger elements in addition to nations that are house to tiger populations.

Conclusion– based mostly in your dialogue, type a good and a balanced conclusion on the given problem.


Matter-Conservation, environmental air pollution and degradation

6) Poor implementation of environmental legal guidelines is a worldwide concern. Talk about with a particular give attention to India. (250 phrases)

Reference

Why this query

The current UN report highlights the difficulty of poor enforcement of environmental legal guidelines throughout the globe. It’s subsequently necessary to debate the subject intimately.

Directive phrase

Talk about- that is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to put in writing intimately about the important thing demand of the query. we even have to debate concerning the associated and necessary elements of the query in an effort to convey out an entire image of the difficulty in hand.

Key demand of the query.

The query needs us to put in writing intimately concerning the poor implementation of environmental legal guidelines throughout the globe.

Construction of the reply

Introduction– write a couple of introductory strains concerning the  current UN report. E.g The world fares poorly on implementation of environmental legal guidelines and laws even if 38 occasions extra inexperienced legal guidelines have been framed and authorised within the final 4 many years, says the United Nations (UN) in its first ever international evaluation of environmental legal guidelines.

Physique-

Talk about how the environmental legal guidelines will not be being carried out sincerely, throughout the globe and particularly in India. E.g

  • Just like the Water Act, which was carried out in 1974, a lot of legal guidelines and laws have been present for greater than 4 many years now, however are proving to be ineffective.
  • We’re good within the coverage division however implementation is an issue. We’ve got weak deterrents. The methods of accountability have been weakened, so monitoring is a large drawback.
  • Coal-based energy crops proceed to be the most important supply of air air pollution within the nation as greater than 300 coal thermal energy crops nonetheless violate emission requirements
  • Greater than two-thirds of the states/union territories within the nation have neither bothered to adjust to the orders handed by the Supreme Courtroom, nor complied with the instructions given by the Ministry of Surroundings, Forests and Local weather Change (MoEF&CC).
  • In a state of affairs the place the judiciary is already struggling to clear the prevailing backlog of over 21,000 environment-related instances, lack of respect and poor implementation of the judiciary’s  orders solely supplies an evidence for degraded setting we reside in.
  • Poor coordination throughout authorities businesses, weak institutional capability, lack of entry to info, corruption and stifled civic engagement are the important thing elements behind the poor effectiveness and implementation of environmental laws and so forth.

Conclusion– based mostly in your dialogue, type a good and a balanced conclusion on the given challenge.

 


We’re giving hints for every query. Please use your creativity and originality to provide you with solutions which are distinctive to you. However achieve this with out deviating from core demand of every query. Finally you must use your cause and judgement to write down your personal reply.