SECURE 2019 tech

[Insights Secure – 2019] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 August 2019

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[Insights Secure – 2019] Every day UPSC Mains Answer Writing Follow: 02  August 2019

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INSIGHTS NEW SECURE – 2019: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

 

Tomorrow’s Static Matter: Challenges to inner security by means of communication networks, position of media and
social networking sites in inner safety challenges, basics of cyber security;
money-laundering and its prevention.


Common Research – 2


Matter:  Authorities insurance policies and interventions for improvement in numerous sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

1) Talk about the key features of lately cleared Motor Automobiles (Amendment) Bill 2019. Clarify in what method it will possibly present an Efficient, Protected and Corruption Free Transport System within the Nation. (250 words)

pib

 

Why this question:

 Lately Rajya Sabha handed the Motor Automobiles (Modification) Invoice 2019 to offer an Efficient, Protected and Corruption Free Transport System in the Nation.

Key demand of the question:

One should talk about the important thing options of the MV amendment bill 2019 , talk about and highlight the merits of the identical.

Directive:

Talk about – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going by means of the small print of the problems involved by analyzing each considered one of them. It’s a must to give reasons for each for and towards arguments.

Construction of the reply:

Introduction: 

Outline the current amendments made to the invoice.

Body:

The invoice seeks to amend the Motor Automobiles Act, 1988 to offer for street safety. Round 1.50 lakh individuals die and 5 lakh individuals injured yearly in street accidents.

Then talk about the important thing features of the bill – Provisions related to growing penalties of visitors violations, addressing issues on third-party insurance, regulation of cab aggregators and street safety are proposed in the modification.

It proposes a scheme to permit cashless remedy of victims in a street accident in the course of the golden hour.

It proposes to extend the minimum compensation for hit and run instances. In case of the demise, the compensation has been raised from 25,000 to 2 lakh rupees, and in case of grievous damage, it is going to be from 12,500 to 50,000 rupees.

The federal government will open motor driving coaching faculties to impart talent trainings to drivers. The government may even give one crore rupees grant to those who need to open such coaching faculties.

Quote the deserves and associated challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude by reasserting significance of the Invoice.


Matter: Government policies and interventions for improvement in numerous sectors and points arising out of their design and implementation. Indian Financial system and issues referring to planning, mobilization of assets, progress, improvement and employment.

2) Spotlight the shortcomings in the goods and providers tax (GST). How far can the current findings of CAG strengthen the weak links of the reformed system of taxation in India? Talk about(250 phrases)

Livemint

Why this question:

The article captures the findings of the current report on the tax by the Comptroller and Auditor Common of India (CAG) and highlights the shortcomings the GST reform has been dealing with when it comes to implementation.

Key demand of the question:

The reply should consider the lacunae present and what are the issues in the implementation and what may be accomplished to overcome these considerations and challenges.

Directive:

Talk about – This is an all-encompassing directive – you need to debate on paper by going by means of the small print of the issues concerned by analyzing every one among them. You must give causes for each for and towards arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Talk about about GST, its mandate and hint its coming till date.

Physique:

Clarify the lacunae being faced in implementation of the reforms.

Talk about that the main issues outlined by the CAG report is the shortage of a system to match the invoices of consumers and sellers that may have closed interstitial areas for tax evasion. The thought was to construction the system in such a method that there was no gap between two ends of a reported transaction.

Write a word on the findings of CAG and clarify how these findings could be put to make use of to deal with the gaps in implementation of the reforms.

Conclusion:

Conclude with means forward.


Matter:  Statutory, regulatory and numerous quasi-judicial bodies, Necessary elements of governance

three) Talk about the merits of the just lately steered amendments to the Inter-State River Waters Disputes Act of 1956 that provides for establishing of a separate tribunal each time a dispute arises, to what extent can such a change deliver solutions to the prevailing inter-state river water disputes? Look at.(250 phrases)

Indianexpress

Why this query:

Just lately Lok Sabha cleared bill to hurry up resolution of inter-state river water disputes by establishing a single central tribunal instead of the numerous present ones.

Key demand of the question:

The reply should consider the significance of such step and analyse to what extent can such a solution work given the current circumstances and previous legacy of issues with respect to inter-state river water disputes.

Directive:

Talk about – That is an all-encompassing directive – you need to debate on paper by going by means of the small print of the problems concerned by analyzing each one in every of them. You must give causes for both for and towards arguments.

Structure of the reply:

Introduction: 

Talk about the context of the query briefly.

Body:

Clarify how Inter-state River Water Dispute (Modification) Invoice, 2019, follows the failure of present tribunals to resolve river water disputes in a time-bound manner. Of the nine tribunals set as much as adjudicate such disputes, only 4 have given their awards and the time taken to do so ranged from seven to 28 years. Thus, the pressing have to amend and have a single tribunal.

Then talk about the deserves and demerits of getting a single tribunal to unravel the disputes.

Talk about the important thing options of the brand new amendments introduced within the invoice.

Conclusion:

Conclude with appreciation of the amendments.


Matter:  Challenges to inner security via communication networks, position of media and social networking websites in inner security challenges, basics of cyber safety; money-laundering and its prevention.

Science and Know-how- developments and their purposes and effects in on a regular basis life Achievements of Indians in science & know-how; indigenization of know-how and creating new know-how.

four) What’s a cryptocurrency? Talk about the feasibility of a national cryptocurrency in India.(250 phrases)

The hindu

Why this question:

Just lately, a government panel headed by senior bureaucrat Subhash Chandra Garg placed in the public domain a draft invoice calling for an entire ban on personal cryptocurrencies in India. The panel advisable a superb of up to ₹25 crore and a jail term of as much as 10 years for anybody found to be owning or dealing with personal cryptocurrencies. Thus, the question.

Key demand of the question:

The query aims to analyse the concept of cryptocurrency and its feasibility as a national foreign money.

Directive:

Talk about – That is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going via the small print of the problems involved by analyzing every considered one of them. You must give reasons for both for and towards arguments.

Construction of the reply:

Introduction: 

Start with temporary on what is a cryptocurrency – “any info or code or quantity or token not being part of any official digital foreign money, generated by way of cryptographic means or in any other case, providing a digital representation of value which is trade with or without consideration, with the promise or illustration of getting inherent worth in any business activity which may involve danger of loss or an expectation of income or revenue, or features as a store of worth or a unit of account and consists of its use in any monetary transaction or funding, but not limited to, funding schemes.”

Physique:

Discussion ought to embrace the following: 

Clarify the context of the question – Inter-Ministerial Committee on Digital Currencies headed by finance secretary Subhash Chandra Garg has submitted its report to the government. The committee set up by Centre has additionally proposed a draft bill ‘Banning of Cryptocurrency & Regulation of Official Digital Foreign money Bill, 2019’.

Talk about what are the key suggestions made, talk about execs and cons and type a fair and balanced opinion as as to if the foreign money ought to be allowed or banned utterly.

Conclusion:

Conclude with method ahead.


Matter:  Challenges to inner security by means of communication networks, position of media and social networking sites in inner safety challenges, basics of cyber safety; money-laundering and its prevention

5) Talk about probably the most prominently witnessed inner security threats as a result of social media also talk about the Present laws for regulation over digital media in India.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this query:

The question is instantly from the static portions of GS paper III. 

Key demand of the query:

Clarify intimately the outstanding inner security challenges/threats which were witnessed or being witnessed due tot social media and one should explain the legal guidelines and laws in place to curb the same.

Directive:

Talk about – This is an all-encompassing directive – it’s a must to debate on paper by going via the small print of the issues concerned by analyzing each considered one of them. You need to give causes for each for and towards arguments.

Construction of the answer:

Introduction: 

Body:

Explain how Spread of social media and cell phones has created the phenomenon of ‘flash crowds’ at the website of encounters. In addition, media like Facebook and YouTube are being used to nice benefit to carry out propaganda.

One can talk about current examples/incidences to substantiate the potential threats posed by social media on the interior security features of the nation.

Then transfer on to detail upon the Present laws for regulation over digital media in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude that a critical and clear debate on the difficulty of freedom of expression, social duty, anonymity and knowledge safety is the need of the hour. And social media needs to be managed with proper and strict laws in place.


Common Studies – 3


Matter:Indian Financial system and issues referring to planning, mobilization of assets, progress, improvement and employment.

6) “Stagnant wages and jobless progress have turn into a recipe for political instability in the Indian countryside “, Critically analyse the assertion within the backdrop of declining availability of jobs within the Indian financial system.(250 words)

Livemint

 

Why this query: 

The article talks concerning the employment image and state of Jobs in the nation.

Demand of the query:

The reply has to guage How critical is the employment drawback in India.

What are the issues of financial system with respect to jobs and employment state of affairs?

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When requested to analyse, you must look at methodically the structure or nature of the subject by separating it into element elements and present them as an entire in a abstract. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to take a look at the great and dangerous of the topic and give a good judgement.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Talk about by quoting information and spotlight the difficulty.

Physique

The article discusses in detail in what method stagnant wages and jobless progress are a recipe for political instability within the Indian countryside.

Take hints from the article and talk about the issues related and what are the attainable options/fixes to the identical.

Conclusion 

Conclude with approach ahead.


Common Research – 4


Matter: Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and issues; moral considerations and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, guidelines, laws and conscience as sources of moral steerage; accountability and moral governance; strengthening of moral and moral values in governance; ethical issues in worldwide relations and funding; corporate governance.

7) Excessive ethical standards in the civil providers are sometimes desired, analyse the significance of having high ethical standards in present bureaucratic structure of the nation. (250 words)

Ethics by Lexicon publications

Why this question:

The question goals to debate and consider the necessity for top moral standards within the Indian bureaucratic system.

Key demand of the query:

Clarify how and why Excessive ethical standards are needed for civil providers.

Directive:

Analyze – When requested to analyse, it’s a must to look at methodically the structure or nature of the subject by separating it into element elements and present them as an entire in a summary.

Structure of the reply:

Introduction: 

Briefly state the significance of ethics usually.

Body:

Explain how set of values are fascinating in civil servants so as to ensure they have an moral conduct being professed. Explain the reasons that necessitate the high moral standards in civil providers, quote case studies or examples of ethically upright, morally sound civil servants to justify higher.

Conclusion:

Conclude that civil servants are finally accountable and accountable for the numerous and multitude of providers they provide.so to ensure assurance and in the most effective pursuits of society, they need to take care that prime ethical requirements are being met.


We’re giving hints for each query. Please use your creativity and originality to provide you with solutions which might be unique to you. But achieve this with out deviating from core demand of each query. Finally it is best to use your purpose and judgement to put in writing your personal reply.