CURRENT AFFAIRS PIB tech

Insights Daily Current Affairs + PIB: 28 December 2018

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Insights Every day Present Affairs + PIB: 28 December 2018


Paper 1 and a couple of:

Subjects coated:

  1. Indian tradition will cowl the salient elements of Artwork Varieties, Literature and Structure from historic to trendy occasions.
  2. Authorities insurance policies and interventions for improvement in numerous sectors and points arising out of their design and implementation.
  3. Improvement processes and the event business the position of NGOs, SHGs, numerous teams and associations, donors, charities, institutional and different stakeholders.

 

‘Undertake a Heritage’ challenge

 

What to review?

  • For Prelims: Undertake a Heritage, Monument Mitras and World Tourism Day.
  • For Mains: Want for conservation of heritage websites.

 

Context: The federal government just lately handed over a Memorandum of Understanding to Resbird Applied sciences underneath the ‘Undertake a Heritage’ challenge for the event of a cellular audio information software for 5 iconic websites.

 

The 5 iconic websites are as follows:

  • Rajasthan – Amer Fort.
  • Assam – Kaziranga.
  • Goa – Colva Seashore.
  • Kerala – Kumarakom.
  • Bihar – Mahabodhi Temple.

 

Significance:

The shortlisted businesses would develop into ‘Monument Mitras’ by means of the progressive idea of ‘Imaginative and prescient Bidding’, which can give them the chance to affiliate their CSR actions with a heritage website if the Imaginative and prescient Bid is chosen.

 

Undertake a Heritage Undertaking:

What’s it? The ‘Undertake a Heritage Scheme’ of Ministry of Tourism was launched on World Tourism Day i.e. 27th September, 2017.  This venture is a key initiative of Ministry of Tourism in shut collaboration with Ministry of Tradition and Archeological Survey of India (ASI), to develop the heritage websites / monuments and making them tourist-friendly to reinforce the tourism potential and their cultural significance in a deliberate and phased method.

The way it works? The venture plans to entrust heritage websites/monuments and different vacationer websites to non-public sector corporations, public sector corporations and people for the event of vacationer facilities. The venture goals to develop synergy amongst all companions.

Monument Mitras: Profitable bidders chosen for adopting heritage websites / monuments by the Oversight and Imaginative and prescient Committee shall be referred to as as Monument Mitras. The essential and superior facilities of the vacationer locations can be offered by them. They might additionally take care of the operations and the upkeep of the facilities. The ‘Monument Mitras’ would affiliate satisfaction with their CSR actions.

 

Significance of this challenge:

Undertake a Heritage challenge is supposed to deal with the challenges that the Archaeological Survey of India and different authorities our bodies are dealing with in working tourism infrastructure at heritage websites. By permitting personal gamers to construct, function and keep “tourist-friendly” and “world class facilities at these websites, the expectation is that the challenge will increase home and worldwide tourism.

 

Sources: the hindu.


Paper 1 and a couple of:

Subjects coated:

  1. Ladies associated points.
  2. Authorities insurance policies and interventions for improvement in numerous sectors and points arising out of their design and implementation.
  3. Improvement processes and the event business the position of NGOs, SHGs, numerous teams and associations, donors, charities, institutional and different stakeholders
  4. Welfare schemes for weak sections of the inhabitants by the Centre and States and the efficiency of those schemes; mechanisms, legal guidelines, establishments and our bodies constituted for the safety and betterment of those weak sections.

 

Triple Talaq Invoice 2018

 

What to review?

  • For Prelims: Key options of the Invoice.
  • For Mains: Significance and the necessity for laws.

 

Context: The Lok Sabha has handed the Muslim Ladies (Safety of Rights on Marriage) Invoice, 2018, also called, Triple Talaq Invoice.

The Invoice makes on the spot triple talaq void and unlawful. It seeks to make the follow of prompt triple talaq a punishable offence with imprisonment of as much as three years.

 

What’s the difficulty all about- A quick historical past:

The case dates again to 2016 when the Supreme Courtroom had sought help from the then Lawyer Basic Mukul Rohatgi on pleas difficult the constitutional validity of “triple talaq”, “nikah halala” and “polygamy”, to evaluate whether or not Muslim ladies face gender discrimination in instances of divorce.

Opposing the apply of triple talaq, the Centre informed the highest courtroom that there’s a have to re-look at these practices on grounds of gender equality and secularism.

The Supreme Courtroom later introduced the establishing of a five-judge constitutional bench to listen to and deliberate on the challenges towards the apply of ‘triple talaq, nikah halala’ and polygamy.

The difficulty gained political momentum on March 2017 when the All India Muslim Private Regulation Board (AIMPLB) advised the Supreme Courtroom that the difficulty of triple talaq falls outdoors the judiciary’s realm and that these points shouldn’t be touched by the courtroom.

Nevertheless, on August 22 this yr, the Supreme Courtroom put aside the decade-old follow of immediate triple talaq saying it was violative of Article 14 and 21 of the Indian Structure.

 

A Invoice on this regard:

In September, the federal government had proposed the Muslim Ladies (Safety of Rights on Marriage) Invoice within the Parliament and sought to make triple talaq a punishable offence beneath the regulation.

At first, the Invoice was handed within the Lok Sabha nevertheless it did not safe a majority within the Rajya Sabha. The Invoice was postponed until the winter session of Parliament. Following this, an ordinance was issued by the federal government after the invoice did not get cleared in Rajya Sabha amid protests by the Opposition.

 

Key provisions of the Invoice:

The Invoice makes all declaration of talaq, together with in written or digital type, to be void (i.e. not enforceable in regulation) and unlawful.

Definition: It defines talaq as talaq-e-biddat or another comparable type of talaq pronounced by a Muslim man leading to immediate and irrevocable divorce.  Talaq-e-biddat refers back to the apply beneath Muslim private legal guidelines the place pronouncement of the phrase ‘talaq’ thrice in a single sitting by a Muslim man to his spouse outcomes right away and irrevocable divorce.

Offence and penalty: The Invoice makes declaration of talaq a cognizable offence, attracting as much as three years’ imprisonment with a effective.  (A cognizable offence is one for which a police officer might arrest an accused individual with out warrant.)  The offence shall be cognizable provided that info referring to the offence is given by: (i) the married lady (towards whom talaq has been declared), or (ii) any individual associated to her by blood or marriage.

The Invoice supplies that the Justice of the Peace might grant bail to the accused. The bail could also be granted solely after listening to the lady (towards whom talaq has been pronounced), and if the Justice of the Peace is glad that there are affordable grounds for granting bail.

The offence could also be compounded by the Justice of the Peace upon the request of the lady (towards whom talaq has been declared). Compounding refers back to the process the place the 2 sides comply with cease authorized proceedings, and settle the dispute.  The phrases and circumstances of the compounding of the offence might be decided by the Justice of the Peace. 

Allowance: A Muslim lady towards whom talaq has been declared, is entitled to hunt subsistence allowance from her husband for herself and for her dependent youngsters.  The quantity of the allowance can be decided by the Justice of the Peace.

Custody: A Muslim lady towards whom such talaq has been declared, is entitled to hunt custody of her minor youngsters. The way of custody shall be decided by the Justice of the Peace.

 

Significance:

Time has come to place an finish to the struggling of Muslim ladies who’ve been on the receiving finish of on the spot talaq for a number of years. Greater than 20 Islamic nations have already banned the follow.

 

Sources: the hindu.

Mains Query: The triple talaq Invoice is a basic instance of executive-legislative-judicial collaboration in the direction of making certain social justice. Critically remark.


Paper 1, 2 and three:

Subjects coated:

  1. Inhabitants and related points, poverty and developmental points, urbanization, their issues and their cures.
  2. Authorities insurance policies and interventions for improvement in numerous sectors and points arising out of their design and implementation.
  3. Safety challenges and their administration in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

 

Nationwide Register of Residents (NRC)

 

What to review?

  • For Prelims: Particulars of NRC.
  • For Mains: Replace of NRC- points related together with moral considerations.

 

Context: The Centre has given an extension of six months to finish the continued train for updating the Nationwide Register of Residents (NRC) in Assam by June 30.

  • The choice was taken because the train to enumerate residents within the NRC, an inventory of Assam’s residents, couldn’t be accomplished inside the specified date of December 31, 2018.

 

Background:

On December 6, 2013, the federal government issued the primary notification setting a deadline of three years for completion of the whole NRC course of. Since then, 5 extensions have been given by the federal government. The draft NRC was revealed on July 30 and included the names of two.9 crore individuals of the entire three.29 crore candidates.

 

 

Why is NRC being up to date in Assam?

Formally, the NRC course of will tackle the difficulty of unlawful migrants, particularly from Bangladesh. The Nationwide Register of Residents was first revealed in 1951 to report residents, their homes and holdings. Updating the NRC to root out foreigners was a requirement through the Assam Agitation (1979-1985).

 

Why is March 24, 1971 the deadline?

There have been a number of waves of migration to Assam from Bangladesh, however the largest was in March 1971 when the Pakistan military crackdown pressured many to flee to India. The Assam Accord of 1985 that ended the six-year anti-foreigners’ agitation determined upon the midnight of March 24, 1971 because the deadline.

 

Who’s a citizen in Assam?

The Citizenship Act of 1955 was amended after the Assam Accord  for all Indian-origin individuals who got here from Bangladesh earlier than January 1, 1966 to be deemed as residents. Those that got here between January 1, 1966 and March 25, 1971 have been eligible for citizenship after registering and dwelling within the State for 10 years whereas these getting into after March 25, 1971, have been to be deported.

 

Sources: the hindu.

Mains Query: Throw mild on the character of migration in Assam. Look at whether or not the Nationwide Register of Residents will tackle the problems arising thereunder?


Paper three:

Subjects coated:

  1. Science and Know-how- developments and their purposes and results in on a regular basis life Achievements of Indians in science & know-how; indigenization of know-how and creating new know-how.

 

Youngsters’s Science Congress

 

What to review?

  • For Prelims: About NCSC, NCSTC.
  • For Mains: Significance of the platform.

 

Context: 26th Nationwide Youngsters’s Science Congress (NCSC) is being held in Odisha.

Theme: “Science, Know-how and Innovation for a Clear, Inexperienced and Wholesome Nation.”

 

Nationwide Youngsters’s Science Congress (NCSC):

Nationwide Youngsters’s Science Congress (NCSC) is a nationwide Science Communication programme began within the yr 1993. It’s a programme of Nationwide Council for Science and Know-how Communication (NCSTC), Division of Science and Know-how, New Delhi.

It’s a discussion board youngsters of the age-group of 10-17 years, each from formal faculty system in addition to from out of faculty, to exhibit their creativity and innovativeness and extra notably their potential to unravel a societal drawback skilled regionally utilizing by technique of science.

 

About Nationwide Council for Science and Know-how Communication (NCSTC):

  • It’s mandated to speak science & know-how to plenty. The programmes of the Council purpose at constructing capability for knowledgeable determination making locally.
  • NCSTC encourages analysis in areas of S & T communication, coaching of communicators, improvement of books, manuals, posters, exhibitions, movies, radio programmes, and tv programmes on totally different sides of science & know-how and recognizing excellent efforts via awards and incentives everywhere in the nation.
  • It’s a registered physique guided by a Board of Governors with headquarters at Delhi. It has about eighty members unfold in all states and union territories. Volunteers in districts lend it nice power and functionality for implementing tasks that attain the widespread man and lady.

 

Sources: the hindu.


Paper 2 and three:

 Subjects coated:

  1. Infrastructure: Power, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways, and so on.
  2. Indian Financial system and points referring to planning, mobilization of assets, progress, improvement and employment.

 

Institution of NIMZs

 

Nationwide Funding & Manufacturing Zones (NIMZs) are one of many essential devices of Nationwide Manufacturing Coverage, 2011.

NIMZs are envisaged as giant areas of developed land with the requisite eco-system for selling world class manufacturing exercise.

 

Goal of Particular Financial Zones –

To advertise exports, whereas NIMZs are based mostly on the precept of commercial progress in partnership with States and focuses on manufacturing progress and employment era.

NIMZs are totally different from SEZs when it comes to measurement, degree of infrastructure planning, governance buildings associated to regulatory procedures, and exit insurance policies.

 

For the Monetary Yr 2016 – 2017, Rs. three.35 crores has been earmarked beneath the ‘Scheme for Implementation of Nationwide Manufacturing Coverage’ for ‘Grasp Planning of NIMZs’ and Know-how Acquisition and Improvement Fund (TADF).

 

Supply: PIB


Paper 2:

 Subjects coated:

  1. Necessary points of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance, purposes, fashions, successes, limitations, and potential; residents charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and different measures.

 

Tips issued to make sure transparency in Number of Sportspersons

 

The event and promotion of varied disciplines of sports activities together with choice of gamers for numerous nationwide and worldwide sports activities competitions is the duty of the involved Nationwide Sports activities Federations (NSFs).

 

The NSFs work in an autonomous setting and the Authorities shouldn’t be immediately concerned of their functioning, together with choice of sports activities individuals.

 

To make sure transparency in choice course of Authorities has issued tips in accordance with which choice of sportspersons for main worldwide occasions is to be executed by a Choice Committee.

 

Implementing Numerous Sports activities Promotional Schemes:

  • Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports activities (MYAS) via Sports activities Authority of India (SAI) has been implementing numerous sports activities promotional schemes to faucet sports activities expertise throughout the nation regardless of their monetary standing.
  • Underneath the Schemes – SAI Coaching Facilities (STC), Particular Space Video games (SAG), sports activities skills belong to rural, tribal, coastal, hilly and backward areas of the nation are chosen.
  • The chosen trainees are offered monetary help within the type of skilled coaches, sports activities gear, boarding and lodging, sports activities package, competitors publicity, instructional bills, medical/insurance coverage and stipend as per the authorised scheme norms.

Underneath the Scheme of Help to Nationwide Sports activities Federations, the Authorities helps the recognized sportspersons, together with these from weaker sections of society/groups for intensive teaching by way of nationwide teaching camps, overseas exposures/competitions and so forth.

 

Custom-made Coaching:

Beneath Goal Olympic Podium Scheme (TOPS), custom-made coaching is being offered to determine sportspersons on the state-of-the-art sports activities institutes/academies inside the nation and overseas.

 

Background:

Nationwide Sports activities Federations –

Nationwide Sports activities Federations (NSFs) are autonomous our bodies registered beneath the Societies Registration Act 1860.

 

Sports activities Authority of India (SAI) –

Apex nationwide sports activities physique of India

It’s established in 1984 by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports activities for the event of sports activities in India.

 

Supply: PIB


Information for Prelims:

 

Dwijing Pageant:

Context: Dwijing Pageant, an annual river pageant, has begun on the financial institution of River Aie in Assam.

About Dwijing Pageant: Dwijing Pageant is an annual river pageant celebrated within the Bodoland Territorial Space Districts (BTAD) area of Assam. The pageant offers a platform of incomes for the individuals within the area by placing in to focus the enterprise actions for the higher financial system era by means of rural tourism. The pageant additionally goals to offer assist to the flood sufferer households by way of charity era and distribution.

About River Aie: River Aie originates from the Himalayan Mountains of Bhutan and flows by way of the Chirang and Bongaigaon districts of Assam earlier than becoming a member of the river Brahmaputra.

 

Public Enterprises Survey 2017-18:

Context: Public Enterprises Survey 2017-18 has been tabled within the Parliament. The survey mapped the efficiency of central public sector models.

Highlights:

  • Indian Oil Company, ONGC and NTPC emerged as the highest three most worthwhile PSUs in 2017-18, whereas BSNL, Air India and MTNL incurred the very best losses for the second consecutive yr.

 

Dal lake:

Context: The well-known dal lake in Srinagar is frozen. The town lately witnessed the bottom temperature ever in 11 years at minus 7.6 diploma.

About Dal:

  • Also called the summer time capital of Jammu and Kashmir, dal lake, which is the second largest within the state, is integral to tourism and recreation in Kashmir and is known as the “Jewel within the crown of Kashmir” or “Srinagar’s Jewel”. The lake can also be an necessary supply for business operations in fishing and water plant harvesting.
  • The lake is a part of a pure wetland, together with its floating gardens. The floating gardens, often known as “Rad” in Kashmiri, blossom with lotus flowers throughout July and August.
  • The lake is situated within the Zabarwan mountain valley, within the foothills of the Shankracharya hills, which surrounds it on three sides.
  • The lake has 4 important interconnected basins specifically, Hazratbal, Bod dal, Gagribal and Nagin.