CURRENT AFFAIRS PIB tech

Insights Daily Current Affairs + PIB: 14 September 2019

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Insights Day by day Current Affairs + PIB: 14 September 2019


Desk of contents:

GS Paper 2:

  1. Uniform Civil Code.
  2. Jan Soochna Portal-2019.
  3. Group Radio Stations.

 

GS Paper 3:

  1. Scientific Social Duty (SSR) Coverage.
  2. Groundwater crisis.

 

Information for prelims:

  1. Hindi Diwas.
  2. Bamboonomics.

 

GS Paper 2:

Subjects coated:

  1. Salient options of Indian Society, Variety of India.

 

Uniform Civil Code

 

What to review?

For Prelims: Constitutional provisions related to Uniform Civil Code.

For Mains: UCC- need, considerations, challenges and is it suitable for India?

 

Context: Government has failed to usher in Uniform Civil Code, says Supreme Courtroom.

 

What is uniform civil code?

A generic set of governing laws for each citizen without bearing in mind the religion.

 

What the constitution says?

Article 44 of the Constitution says that there must be a Uniform Civil Code. Based on this text, “The State shall endeavor to secure for the citizens a uniform civil code throughout the territory of India”. Because the Directive Rules are solely tips, it isn’t obligatory to make use of them.

 

India needs a Uniform Civil Code for the next reasons:

  1. A secular republic wants a standard regulation for all residents moderately than differentiated rules based mostly on spiritual practices.
  2. One more reason why a uniform civil code is required is gender justice. The rights of girls are often restricted underneath spiritual regulation, be it Hindu or Muslim. The apply of triple talaq is a basic example.
  3. Many practices governed by spiritual custom are at odds with the elemental rights guaranteed in the Indian Constitution.
  4. Courts have also typically stated of their judgements that the government ought to move in the direction of a uniform civil code together with the judgement within the Shah Bano case.

 

Why is UCC just isn’t desirable at this point?

  1. Secularism can’t contradict the plurality prevalent in the country. In addition to, cultural variety can’t be compromised to the extent that our urge for uniformity itself turns into a purpose for menace to the territorial integrity of the nation.
  2. The term ‘secularism’ has which means provided that it assures the expression of any form of difference. This variety, both spiritual and regional, shouldn’t get subsumed underneath the louder voice of the majority. On the similar time, discriminatory practices inside a faith shouldn’t disguise behind the cloak of that religion to realize legitimacy.

 

What is needed now?

Want of the hour is the codification of all personal laws in order that prejudices and stereotypes in every certainly one of them would come to mild and could be examined on the anvil of elementary rights of the Constitution. By codification of various private legal guidelines, one can arrive at sure universal rules that prioritise fairness fairly than imposition of a Uniform Code, which would discourage many from using the regulation altogether, provided that issues of marriage and divorce can be settled extra-judicially.

 

Sources: the Hindu.

 


Subjects Coated:

Transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

 

Jan Soochna Portal-2019:

 

What to review?

For Prelims and mains: Key features and significance of the portal.

 

What is it? It’s the first-ever public info portal launched in Rajasthan.

Purpose: To offer details about authorities authorities and departments suo motu to the public within the true spirit of the Proper To Info Act.

 

Significance:

The portal would ensure compliance with Section four(2) of the RTI Act mandating the general public authorities to disclose info within the public area, in order that the individuals need not file purposes underneath the regulation to obtain info

 

Sources: the Hindu.


Subjects Coated:

  1. Transparency & accountability and institutional and different measures.

 

Group Radio Stations

 

What to review?

For Prelims: What are Group radio stations.

For Mains: Significance of group radio stations and challenges confronted by them.

 

Context: 118 new Group Radio Stations to be set-up.

 

What are CRS?

Group Radios are small (low power) FM radio stations with a protection area of round 10-15 Km radius, relying on the geography of the world.

CRS play a big position in dissemination of agriculture related info, government schemes for individuals’s welfare, climate forecast and so forth.

Right now, there are greater than 180 group radio stations throughout India, broadcasting in languages like Bundelkhandi, Garhwali, Awadhi and Santhali — tongues that sometimes discover little or no area on television.

 

Challenges to the Group Radio:

  1. Lack of journalistic and technical expertise and thus a consistent demand for training.
  2. Group Radio derives its power and popularity from group participation. In practise participation is more durable than it seems, as a result of it’s labour intensive, requires the suitable angle, expertise and cellular gear.
  3. With out correct administration expertise, as well as some information of monetary administration and revenue era, it is extremely exhausting for Group Radio to survive with out donor funding.
  4. Group Radio is by definition relatively small and sometimes located in places the place primary providers, like a continuing supply of electrical energy, are lacking. Because of these circumstances gear suffers and needs to be vigorously maintained and/or recurrently changed.
  5. Absence of a clear regulatory framework by which Group Radio operates.

 

Eligibility to use for a Group Radio Station:

As per the 2006 coverage of the Government, an organisation desirous of working a Group Radio Station (CRS) should have the ability to satisfy and adhere to the following rules:

  1. It ought to be explicitly constituted as a ‘non-profit’ organisation and will have a proven report of at the least three years of service to the area people.
  2. The Group Radio Station ought to serve a selected well-defined area people.
  3. The possession and management structure ought to be such that it reflects the group which it serves.
  4. It ought to solely broadcast programmes that cater to the tutorial, developmental, social and cultural needs of the group.
  5. The organization have to be a Legal Entity. it must be registered (beneath the registration of Societies Act or some other such act related to the purpose).

 

Relating to the content material, the two necessary provisions made are as follows:

  1. At the very least 50% of content shall be generated with the participation of the area people, for which the station has been set up.
  2. Programmes ought to preferably be within the native language and dialect(s).

The CRS license thus given by the government entitled them to operate a 100-watt (Efficient Radiated Energy) radio station, with a protection space of roughly a 12-km radius. A most antenna peak of 30 meters is allowed.

 

Sources: the Hindu.

 


GS Paper 3:

Subjects Coated:

Science and Know-how- developments and their purposes and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & know-how; indigenization of know-how and creating new know-how.

 

Scientific Social Duty (SSR) Policy

 

What to review?

For Prelims: Key features of the draft policy.

For Mains: Need for and significance of the policy.

 

Context: India goes to be probably the primary country on the earth to implement a Scientific Social Duty (SSR) Coverage on the strains of Corporate Social Duty (CSR). A draft of the brand new coverage has been made out there by the Department of Science and Know-how (DST).

 

Aims:

  1. To encourage science and know-how (S&T) establishments and individual scientists in the nation to proactively interact in science outreach activities to connect science with the society. 
  2. To harness latent potential of the scientific group for strengthening linkages between science and society, and for making S&T ecosystem vibrant.
  3. To develop a mechanism for making certain entry to scientific information, transferring advantages of science to satisfy societal wants, selling collaborations to determine problems and develop options.

 

Highlights of the draft:

  1. Beneath the proposed coverage, individual scientists or information staff can be required to dedicate a minimum of 10 person-days of SSR per yr for exchanging scientific information to society.
  2. It additionally recognises the need to provide incentives for outreach activities with mandatory budgetary help.
  3. It has also been proposed to offer credit to information staff/scientists for particular person SSR activities in their annual performance appraisal and analysis.
  4. No institution can be allowed to outsource or sub-contract their SSR activities and tasks.
  5. The draft defines SSR as “the moral obligation of data staff in all fields of science and know-how to voluntarily contribute their information and assets to the widest spectrum of stakeholders in society, in a spirit of service and acutely aware reciprocity”.
  6. A central agency shall be established at DST to implement the SSR. Different ministries would even be encouraged to make their very own plans to implement SSR as per their mandate.

 

Want for SSR:

When most analysis is being completed through the use of taxpayers’ cash, the scientific institution has an moral obligation of “giving again” to the society. SSR is just not only about scientific influence upon society but in addition concerning the social influence upon science. SSR would subsequently strengthen the information ecosystem and convey efficiencies in harnessing science for the good thing about society.

 

Sources: Right down to Earth.

 


Subjects Coated:

  1. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental influence assessment.

 

Groundwater disaster

 

What to review?

For Prelims and Mains: Groundwater crisis- causes, extent, considerations, challenges and measures by govt to save lots of groundwater.

 

Context: Expressing concern over depleting groundwater ranges, the National Inexperienced Tribunal (NGT) has arrange a committee to formulate steps required to stop unlawful extraction of groundwater.

 

Why conserve groundwater?

  • Groundwater reserves are already beneath strain as the worldwide inhabitants explodes and crop manufacturing rises in lockstep.
  • Excessive weather occasions akin to drought and report rainfall — have each made worse by our heating planet — might have one other long-lasting influence on how shortly reserves replenish.
  • Solely half of all groundwater provides are more likely to absolutely replenish or re-balance inside the next 100 years — probably resulting in shortages in drier areas. 
  • The method by way of which rainwater is filtered by way of bedrock and amassed underground can take centuries and varies drastically by area.
  • As climate change delivers longer droughts and larger superstorms, the extremes of rainfall turn out to be more pronounced, impacting groundwater reserves for generations to return.

 

State of affairs of groundwater in India:

Right now, India is the most important consumer of the groundwater on the planet with virtually 90% getting used for consuming water and virtually 60-70% for irrigation. Present statistics additionally show that almost 50% of city water supply comes from groundwater. India is on the edge of a very critical groundwater crisis, which wants mitigation each in the fields and on the policy corridors of the nation.

 

Want of the hour:

There’s a have to modernise the regulatory framework for accessing groundwater soon after large enlargement in mechanical pumping led to the realisation that recharge couldn’t hold tempo with use.

 

Sources: the hindu.

 


Information for prelims:

 

Hindi Diwas 2019:

Context: National Hindi Divas or Hindi Day is noticed yearly on September 14.

Objective: The day is a celebration of the Hindi language and its cultural heritage and values among the many individuals of the nation and abroad.

Why can we rejoice Nationwide Hindi Diwas?

The Constituent meeting of India adopted Hindi because the official language of the country on September 14, 1949 underneath Article 343.

Hindi is the fourth language of the world.

 

Bamboonomics:

It’s a motion to fight desertification and climate change which can involve the tribal group of India since they’ve the experience in this subject.

The motion will be sure that tribals can earn a livelihood with out inflicting environmental harm.

It was launched on the COP 14 of the United Nations Convention to Fight Desertification (UNCCD).