CURRENT AFFAIRS PIB tech

Insights Daily Current Affairs + PIB: 13 April 2019

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

Insights Day by day Current Affairs + PIB: 13 April 2019


Related articles from numerous News Papers:

Paper three:

Subjects Coated:

  1. Power and pollution related points.

 

India stares at pile of solar e-waste

 

What to review?

  • For Prelims: Solar Power potential and applied sciences used to store solar energy and waste generated therein.
  • For Mains: Solar e- waste- extent, considerations, effects and measures wanted.

 

Context: By 2050, India will probably stare at a pile of a new class of electronic waste, specifically photo voltaic e-waste.  India’s PV (photovoltaic) waste volume is estimated to grow to 200,000 tonnes by 2030 and around 1.eight million tonnes by 2050.

 

What’s missing?

  • Presently, India’s e-waste guidelines haven’t any laws mandating solar cell producers to recycle or dispose waste from this sector.
  • India is poorly positioned to deal with PV waste because it doesn’t yet have policy tips on the same.
  • A scarcity of a coverage framework is coupled with the fact that even primary recycling amenities for laminated glass and e-waste are unavailable. Regardless of the e-waste regulation being in place for over seven years, solely lower than four% of estimated e-waste is recycled within the organised sector as per the newest estimates from the Central Air pollution Management Board.

 

What constitutes Solar e- waste and considerations related?

Solar modules use probably hazardous materials, together with lead compounds, polymers and cadmium compounds. If disposed of in an inappropriate approach, potential leaching of those hazardous supplies can have unfavorable environmental and well being impacts.

As an example, leaching of lead has large environmental influence including loss in biodiversity, decreased progress and reproductive rates in crops and animals, and a number of other different well being hazards like opposed influence on kidney perform, nervous, immune, reproductive and cardiovascular methods.

 

Need of the hour:

  1. Specify legal responsibility and duty of every stakeholder for waste administration and remedy.
  2. Mandate module manufacturers to make use of environmentally sustainable design and supplies with end-of-life in thoughts.
  3. Lay down standards for PV waste assortment, remedy and disposal.
  4. Encourage mutual recycling duty agreements between module suppliers, challenge developers and energy purchasers.
  5. Undertake regular surveys of recycling amenities to know know-how and capability levels. Determine investment and technical requirements for devoted PV recycling amenities with concentrate on high-value restoration.

 

Method forward:

India is among the leading markets for photo voltaic cells on the earth, buoyed by the federal government’s dedication to put in 100 GW of solar power by 2022. Up to now, India has put in solar cells for about 28 GW and this has been carried out largely from imported photo voltaic PV cells. Subsequently, the time is ripe for the nation to place in place a comprehensive coverage to deal with the issues.

 

Sources: the hindu.


Paper 2:

Matter coated:

  1. India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  2. Bilateral, regional and international groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s pursuits
  3. Impact of insurance policies and politics of developed and creating nations on India’s pursuits, Indian diaspora.

 

China’s BRI

 

What to review?

  • For Prelims: Key options of BRI.
  • For Mains: India’s considerations, ways to deal with them and international implications of the challenge.

 

Context: Malaysia will resume work on the multi-billion greenback East Coast Rail Hyperlink (ECRL) after months of negotiations with the China Communications Development Company (CCCC) and the Chinese government brought the fee down by a 3rd. China is building a deep-sea port on Malaysia’s east coast and the railway is a key hyperlink in its Belt and Street Initiative.

 

What is BRI?

BRI consisting of the land-based belt, ‘Silk Street Economic Belt’, and ‘Maritime Silk Street’, goals to attach the East Asian economic area with the European financial circle and runs throughout the continents of Asia, Europe and Africa.

  • BRI is China’s formidable undertaking announced in 2013. It covers about 65% of the world inhabitants, 60% of the world GDP and over 70 nations in six economic corridors.
  • China is spending virtually $1 trillion to revive and renew the overland and maritime commerce links between China, Europe, West Asia, and East Africa by way of development of recent ports linked to high-speed street and rail corridors.

 

India’s considerations with BRI:

  • India argues that the BRI and China-Pakistan Financial Hall venture violates its sovereignty because it passes by means of the part of the Pakistan-occupied Kashmir that belongs to India.
  • Debt lure: BRI tasks are pushing recipient nations into indebtedness, don’t switch expertise or know-how and are environmentally unsustainable.
  • China is planning to increase the CPEC to Afghanistan. Meanwhile, Maldives, Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka are eagerly pursuing potential BRI tasks.
  • By way of OBOR, China is countering the strategies of India in North East region and is selling its larger presence in North East India, a part of which China claims as its personal territory. This will likely have a safety impression on India.
  • Tense bilateral relations with China, deep mistrusts and India’s growing considerations over Chinese language hegemonic intentions in South Asia and Indo-Pacific area make it virtually unlikely that India will ever think about becoming a member of this challenge.
  • Army deployment: The truth that the Chinese have begun to deploy 30,000 safety personnel to protect the tasks along the CPEC route makes it an lively participant in the politics of the Indian sub-continent. Clearly, this can be a case of double standards.

Sources: the hindu.

Mains Questions: Why is India not part of the Belt and Street Initiative (BRI)? Does India’s absence matter to China? Critically look at.

 


Paper 2:

Subjects coated:

  1. Statutory, regulatory and numerous quasi-judicial bodies.
  2. Points referring to improvement and administration of Social Sector/Providers referring to Health, Schooling, Human Assets.

 

Central Medicine Commonplace Management Organisation (CDSCO)

 

What to review?

  • For Prelims: CDSCO- key details, about PvPI.
  • For Mains: Misuse of varied medicine and the necessity for stringent provisions to stop their misuse.

Context: The Central Medicine Commonplace Control Organisation (CDSCO) has requested commonly-used antibiotics manufacturers to make sure its details be made obtainable to most of the people. This choice was taken considering directives from the Nationwide Co-ordination Centre of the Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI).          

 

What’s Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI)?

The PvPI was started by the Authorities of India on 14th July 2010 with the AIIMS New Delhi as the National Coordination Centre for monitoring Antagonistic Drug Reactions (ADRs) in the nation for safe-guarding Public Health.

Pharmacovigilance is defined as the science referring to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of opposed results, principally long term and brief time period antagonistic results of medicines. The CDSCO has a nation-wide Pharmacovigilance Programme for shielding the health of the sufferers by promising drug security.

The Programme is coordinated by the Indian Pharmacopeia commission, Ghaziabad as a Nationwide Coordinating Centre (NCC).

 

About CDSCO:

The Central Medicine Normal Control Organisation(CDSCO) underneath Directorate Basic of Health Providers, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Authorities of India is the Nationwide Regulatory Authority (NRA) of India.

Features: Underneath the Medicine and Cosmetics Act, CDSCO is chargeable for approval of New Medicine, Conduct of Medical Trials, laying down the standards for Medicine, control over the quality of imported Medicine in the country and coordination of the actions of State Drug Control Organizations by providing professional recommendation with a view of deliver concerning the uniformity within the enforcement of the Medicine and Cosmetics Act.

CDSCO together with state regulators, is jointly chargeable for grant of licenses of sure specialised categories of important Medicine corresponding to blood and blood products, I. V. Fluids, Vaccine and Sera.

 

Sources: the hindu.


Paper 2:

Subjects Coated:

  1. Impact of insurance policies and politics of developed and creating nations on India’s pursuits, Indian diaspora.

 

Laws to strengthen US-India strategic partnership

 

What to review?

For Prelims and Mains: Key features and significance of the bill, implications if encated, overview of NATO.

 

Context: US lawmakers introduce new legislation to strengthen US-India strategic partnership- The bill H R 2123.

 

Implications:

  • If enacted, the new bill would be sure that the US State Department treats India as a NATO ally for the purposes of the Arms Export Control Act.
  • The regulation would send a strong signal that defence sales to India ought to be prioritised in accordance with US-India Strategic Partnership Discussion board, which had worked on this necessary legislation.
  • The laws bolsters national safety and helps guarantee full alignment between the Division of Defence and the Department of State.

 

Want:

India is the world’s largest democracy, a pillar of stability within the region and has shown robust commitments to export management insurance policies. This adjustment to US regulation will further permit the US-India partnership to flourish consistent with the US’s security commitment to the Indo-Pacific area.

 

Background:

The National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for fiscal 2017 included special language recognising the unique US-India defence relationship that designated India as a “Main Defence Companion” of the USA. The language seeks distinctive consideration for commerce and know-how sharing with India and elevated attention and help to advance this relationship in the areas of defence trade and know-how sharing.

To fulfil the spirit and intent of the NDAA 2017, the US-India Enhanced Cooperation Act would amend the Arms Export Control Act to put India on par with NATO allies and Israel, South Korea, New Zealand, Australia and Japan.

 

Sources: bs.

Mains Questions: In the mild of designation of India as “Main Defence Associate” by the US, do you assume India’s current behaviour with Pakistan and Afghanistan is upholding regional peace in South Asia? Critically remark.


Details for Prelims:

 

Russia’s highest civilian award for PM:

Russia’s highest civilian award – the “Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First,” will probably be awarded to PM Narendra Modi for his work on bilateral ties.

Eligibility: The Order of the Holy Apostle Andrew the First is awarded to outstanding government and public figures, outstanding representatives of science, tradition, art and numerous sectors of the financial system for “exceptional providers that contribute to the prosperity, greatness and glory of Russia”.

  • It was first awarded by former Russian Tsar ‘Peter the Great’ in 1698 and subsequently discontinued. In 1998, former President Boris Yeltsin reinstated the honour by a presidential decree.
  • Earlier recipients embrace Chinese President Xi Jinping, and presidents of Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan, former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.

 

New early human species discovered: Homo luzonensis:

Context: Researchers have unearthed an unknown human species that lived on an island in Philippines some 50,000 years ago– Homo luzonensis.

  • The newfound species is known as Homo luzonensisin honor of Luzon, the island the place the mysterious beings lived through the late Pleistocene epoch, greater than 50,000 years ago. They have been less than 4 ft tall.
  • Though luzonensisis brief just like the hobbit, it shares options with quite a lot of different historic human relations.
  • It has curved foot and finger bones like Australopithecus(a genus that includes the famous Lucy); premolars which have traits just like those seen in Australopithecus, Homo habilis and Homo erectus; and small molars that seem like these of recent humans, or Homo sapiens.

 

India to be Guest of Honour at ADIBF 2019:

Context: India would be the Guest of Honour nation at the 2019 Abu Dhabi International Ebook Truthful (ADIBF) to be held during April. The truthful goals to spotlight the UAE’s wealthy heritage, and showcase its authenticity, cultural and literary output. This will be the 29th version of the Abu Dhabi Worldwide E-book Truthful.


Summaries of essential Editorials:

 

Jallianwala Bagh bloodbath: ‘Deep remorse’ is just not ok:

Source: https://www.thehindu.com/opinion/op-ed/deep-regret-is-simply-not-good-enough/article26810058.ece.

 

What occurred?

On April 13, 1919, Baisakhi day, following unrest in Amritsar after protests towards the Rowlatt Act, Brigadier Basic (short-term rank) Reginald Dyer took a strike drive of 50 rifles and 40 khukri-wielding Gurkhas into an enclosed ground, Jallianwala Bagh, where a peaceable public meeting of 15,000-20,000 was being held.

The firing of 1,650 rounds was deliberate and targeted, using highly effective rifles at nearly pointblank range. Eyewitness accounts and knowledge collected by Sewa Samiti, a charity organisation level to much greater numbers. Non-Indian writers place the quantity killed at anything between 500 to 600, with 3 times that quantity wounded.

Publish incidence events – More was to comply with after the proclamation, two days after the massacre, of Martial Regulation in Punjab: the notorious crawling order, the salaam order, public floggings, arbitrary arrests, torture and bombing of civilians by airplanes — all beneath a veil of strictly enforced censorship.

After calls for an investigation, including by liberals in Britain, a Issues Inquiry Committee, quickly to be recognized by the identify of its Chairman, Lord Hunter, was set up.

 

Current responses by the Britain:

British Prime Minister Theresa Might finally came out with: “We deeply remorse what occurred and the struggling brought about.” Nevertheless, the country has refused to formally apologise. Britain’s refusal to squarely apologise for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre is predicted however disappointing.

 

What this means?

Deep remorse is all we might get as an alternative of the unequivocal apology that is mandated. The expectation could possibly be that point will add extra distance to the bloodbath, making these requires apology more and more an educational exercise. The very fact stays that there are numerous ways to heal a festering wound between nations, as Canada’s apology for the Komagata Maru exhibits; intelligent drafting just isn’t considered one of them.

 

9 from outdoors the IAS set to turn out to be joint secretaries in authorities:

 

Context: In a transfer that was extensively debated inside and out of doors the government for a yr, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has introduced the outcomes of nine lateral hires on contract on the degree of joint secretary in numerous departments and ministries. The transfer is a tipping point and marks a breach in the hegemony of the IAS.

 

Background:

In 2014, the Centre had mooted the thought of permitting lateral entry from academia and the personal sector on the joint-secretary degree. Initially 10 such lateral entries have been to be chosen and had drawn criticism from the serving and retired members of the Indian paperwork.

 

Rationale behind this move:

The recruitments have been accomplished in a bid to infuse area experience in key government departments and is aimed toward bringing in specialised talent in numerous government departments, contributing to raised governance.

 

Why this can be a good transfer?

Earlier experiences showed good outcomes: Lateral entry has been used prior to now to harness prime talent from outdoors the civil providers. Mr. Manmohan Singh, Nandan Nilekani, Ahluwalia and so forth served at numerous positions in the government and have confirmed promising outcomes on floor.

Helps in getting personal sector expertise: Numerous personal sector specialists have also been appointed as officers on particular obligation, ranked between under-secretary and secretary, to ministers. Institutionalising lateral entry, thus, makes it easier for the country to profit from personal sector/non-UPSC talent.

Offers with vacancy problem as nicely: The move will even tackle the drying up of the expertise pool at the prime degree as there’s an general shortfall of about 20% in simply IAS officers in 24 state cadres. The 2016 BS Baswan committee report identified that many giant states endure from a pronounced deficit of IAS officers, resulting in their reluctance to depute officers for central posting.

Lateral entry will even tackle many structural issues the present system suffers from: The seniority standards in promotions has meant many gifted decrease ranked officers take a long time to get appointed to posts where their expertise might have vital influence in the speedy run.

Focuses on benefit: While the schooling threshold for eligibility within the present notification is about on the graduate-degree degree, greater qualifications shall be an advantage. The decision is for outstanding people with experience within the relevant fields.

Specialists: The move could possibly be a big step in the direction of fulfilling the longstanding want for area specialists in positions essential to policy-making and implementation of presidency schemes. Specialists coming from outdoors are more likely to convey recent concepts and assist improve outcomes.

 

The thought is criticized because of the following reasons:

  • Lateral entry system is a disruption as there’s a danger that due process won’t be followed and ill-qualified, political appointees will wind up in senior positions of the federal government and harm public curiosity.
  • Lateral entry does open the danger and prospect of highly effective corporate groups putting their males in key positions of presidency.
  • Also people who find themselves recruited in this method may lack ground experience and now have little concept concerning the administrative leviathan.

 

Mains Questions: Lateral entry in government at Joint Secretary degree comes not a day too soon. Critically analyze.